Have you ever wondered how a photocopier works? Some use the technique called Xerography. This is a Greek word that means “Dry Writing”. The process of Xerography uses electrostatic charges along with heat. This method is very versatile and is used to get copies of all types of written, graphic and printed matter. Xerography makes use of an aluminium drum that is coated with an element called selenium. When light is passed through or reflected off, the matter that needs to be copied, it reaches the selenium surface where the ink that contains the negatively charged particles are coated. This forms an image of that material that is there on the drum.
When a paper that has postive charge on it is passed nearer to the drum, the paper attracts the image that has been formed on the drum by the negative particles earlier.
There is also another mechanism called Thermography which uses infra-red light. The matter to be copied is placed together along with the paper on which it is to be copied. Infra red light is passed through both the papers together. The image from the matter to be copied is transfered to the plain paper.
You just sold off your old photo copying machine and all of a sudden your competitor is surging ahead of you. How did this happen? Well if you remember each photocopier comes with a hard disk which helps you to scan the various document pages one at a time and will print them all together, thus saving you time. You could just allow the copier to print them out after the pages have all been scanned and you carry on with your other work till the printing is completed.
Now thats where the glitch lies. You have basically allowed your data to be available to others if the got hold of your hard disk sitting inside the photocopying machine. Technology can be a boon as well as a bane.
So before you get rid of your photocopier declaring it to have crossed its age, ensure that you have taken it apart with the help of an expert and erased all remaining content in the hard disk.
It is really sickening to wait for a person to hit feed the pages for photocopying and wait forever for the photo copying to complete. With the ORPHIS X9050, that problem is solved.
ORPHIS X9050 runs on Celeron M440 Processor, has a 1GB memory and a storage space of 160 GB. The ORPHIS X9050 can produce 150 copies in a minute. It has Linux and also supports the 1000BASE-T Ethernet to enable faster connectivity to the network. The price of the copier is 4,300,000 Yen around USD 46,000.
There is also a lower version of ORPHIS whose version is X7250 which can copy 120 copies per minute. The cost of this version is around USD 10,000. These machines are highly suitable for big businesses where there are too many photocopies to be made.
A copy machine may range from $1000 to $1500 depending on the features like memory, wide zoom, etc. But before buying one for you it is important to check some things like copy volume, what you will copy, two sided or one sided and single sheet or stacks.
To check the copy volume you first need to check the copy receipts at any shop. Whatever number you get, just increase 40% and you will get the final copy volume needed. Then check what type of paper you will use for copying like cover head. Also you need to check the paper stock like legal size, cover stock or transparencies. According to this, opt for multiple trays.
It is obvious that double sided paper helps saving paper. This machine may cost you a little more but helps a lot in saving paper. If you will generally copy a large stack of paper then consider buying a copy machine with automatic document feeder.
If your copier has jammed, sputtered and/or made that scary beeping sound more than three times in the last month, it’s probably time to get a new one. Sure, you can have someone take a look at it, but deep down you know it’s time to let it go. I know it’ll be hard to part with the uber-shoddy one you bought eight years ago, but you can give it a proper send-off (NOT à la Office Space) and say goodbye the right way.
Hey copy machine fans, check out Xerox’s first commercial. Awww, how nostaligic!
As we pace between our desks and the printer each day at work, we rarely stop to think about how commercial printing all began. The printing press started its life way back in the second millennium AD; the first systems were assembled by a German goldsmith by the name of Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz, Germany, around 1440.
The first books were produced in an assembly-line style; during the Renaissance, a printing press could print about 3,600 each workday. Printing spread rapidly, and by 1500, printing was in full swing throughout Western Europe. In 1620, English philosopher Francis Bacon felt confident in declaring that printing had changed the face of the world.
Copy machines can be devils. You know what I mean. Just when you need to run off 50 copies of an agenda for a meeting that starts in 5 minutes, or your boss has asked for a color copy of that report RIGHT NOW, your copy machine decides to throw a tantrum. And copy machine tantrums are no pretty things. We’re talking about the machine grinding to a complete halt, lights flashing everywhere, urgent beeping noises, and your originals stuck in the jaws of the paper feeder; you don’t know if you’re going to get them out alive or not. To rectify the problem, you have interpret a series of confusing diagrams, which indicate where the blockage has occurred and what you need to do. You think you’ve removed all the paper, but the machine’s still telling you that something’s wrong. Finally, you spot and remove that last little shred of paper, and all is well. My advice is to be kind to your copy machine by treating it right with good quality paper and by not feeding it crumbled originals. Have it serviced regularly, and change the toner when it asks you to. Treat it right, and it’ll treat you right. Because no one wants to be in a copy machine’s bad books.
Since the invention of the printing press, dissidents and marginalized citizens have published their own opinions in leaflet and pamphlet form.
When Xerox copy machines hit the scene, it was only natural that certain employees in offices lucky enough to have them would seize the opportunity to utilize the technology for such purposes.
In the 1970s, the DIY aesthetic of punk created a thriving underground press, printed cheaply on photocopy machines.
In the 1980s, the concept of zine as an art form, rather than a fan magazine, took root.
The early 1990s saw an explosion of zines of “a more raw and explicit, more confrontational and definitely more gender-balanced nature.” How surprised would you have been to discover that the seemingly demure secretary you hired for the summer was staying late to make and assemble a small periodical called Riot Grrrl?
The presence of zines faded toward the late 1990s, concurrent with the rise of the internet. But print zines still exist, and are cherished by zinesters, DIY enthusiasts and dissidents all over the world.
In 2002, artist Delia Robinson made an accidental discovery: “A piece of paper run repeatedly through the color copier with sequential images acquired rich colors and a shiny patina. The results are random as colors combine and images meld in unpredictable ways.”
Here is how the artist describes her take on the world:
My view is bioptic, cross-eyed, fragmented, salty, bitter, yet still hopeful. My work is overloaded with information, stories, color, and images– most original, some pilfered, some in transition.
We think it’s quite beautiful. See more of her work, copy machine and otherwise, at her website: www.delia-robinson.com
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